Chi-Rho on the roof of the Basilica of St. John Lateran, Rome. Reconstruction of Chi-Rho fresco from Roman villa at Lullingstone, including Alpha and Omega. Later, the symbol also appeared on the coins of Emperor Constantine and his successors. Folio 34r of the Book of Kells is the Chi Rho page, expanding the first two letters of the word Christ. , In 2020, archaeologists discovered in Vindolanda in northern England a 5th-century chalice covered in religious iconography, including the Chi-Rho.. At first, it was only about a new way to entertain children on Sunday, while also teaching Catholic values. It is also behind the practice of abbreviating ‘Christ’ in Christmas to ‘X’.  Some coins of Ptolemy III Euergetes (r. 246–222 BC) were marked with a Chi-Rho. Both your knowledge and the oral tradition of the origin and meaning of this surname will be helpful. Archaeologists have uncovered evidence demonstrating that the Chi-Rho was emblazoned on the helmets of some Late Roman soldiers. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved. In this later version, the Roman emperor had been pondering the misfortunes that befell commanders who invoked the help of many different gods, and decided to seek divine aid in the forthcoming battle from the One God. The Chi Rho is a Christian symbol for “Christ” written by superimposing the two Greek letters “Chi (X)” and “Rho (P)” which are the first two letters in Greek of the name of “CHRist.” Chiro. From Latin prefix chiro-, from Ancient Greek χείρ (kheír, “ hand ”). Pronounced as ‘KEE-roe’, the monogram looks to have been formed with the English alphabets X and P. In fact, it is the Greek alphabet ‘chi’ that resembles X and ‘rho’ that looks like P. The Chi Rho symbol represents both Christ and Christianity and exists today in several variations. Combining form of Greek cheír hand. The Chi-Rho is also called the Christogram because it is a monogram of Christ. These files are public domain. In a memoir of the Roman emperor that Eusebius wrote after Constantine's death (On the Life of Constantine, circa 337–339), a miraculous appearance is said to have come in Gaul long before the Battle of the Milvian Bridge. The Chi-Rho symbol ☧, Catacombs of San Callisto, Rome. Chiro definition: a chiropractor | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Eusebius wrote in the Vita that Constantine himself had told him this story "and confirmed it with oaths" late in life "when I was deemed worthy of his acquaintance and company." It is grounded in the principle that the body can heal itself. a combining form meaning "hand,'' used in the formation of compound words: chiromancy. chiro-hand; sign language chireme; chirogram; chiropractics; Derived terms On stylistic grounds, it is dated to the 4th century; its central roundel represents a beardless male head and bust draped in a pallium in front of the Chi-Rho symbol, flanked by pomegranates, symbols of eternal life. Chi-Rho on YMCA building, Over-the-Rhine, Cincinnati, Ohio. Chiro is a Flemish youth organisation, founded on Christian values, now only tenuously held, with 94,311 members. The Chi-Rho symbol ☧, Catacombs of Domitilla, Rome. This is an open forum to discuss the origin, the meaning and the family stories of the surname CHIRO.  The Book of Kells has a second Chi-Rho abbreviation on folio 124 in the account of the Crucifixion of Christ, and in some manuscripts the Chi-Rho occurs at the beginning of Matthew rather than mid-text at Matthew 1:18. Of the hand or hands. The sign has also been found on the coins of Ptolemy III (246-222 BCE). Attached to it, in Greek characters, was the saying "Τούτῳ Νίκα!" The Chi-Rho can represent either Christ or Christianity and is also known as a Christogram. English words for 茶色 include light brown, chestnut, tawny and browns. That night, Christ appeared to the Roman emperor in a dream and told him to make a replica of the sign he had seen in the sky, which would be a sure defence in battle. Chiropractic Done by Hands From Greek words meaning “Done by Hand” gives us the word chiropractic. © Copyright [oceanwp_date] - Ancient-Symbols.com. Sarcophagus with Chi-Rho symbol and Alpha and Omega, 6th century, Soissons, France. Famous examples are in the Book of Kells and Book of Lindisfarne. This name is especially approved for 'Boys' Gender. It is grounded in the principle that the body can heal itself when the skeletal system is correctly aligned and the nervous system is functioning properly. Chiro is a variant of the name Chairo. The Chi Rho (/ˈkaɪ ˈroʊ/; also known as chrismon) is one of the earliest forms of christogram, formed by superimposing the first two (capital) letters—chi and rho (ΧΡ)—of the Greek word ΧΡΙΣΤΟΣ (Christos) in such a way that the vertical stroke of the rho intersects the center of the chi.. chiro-. , Although formed of Greek characters, the device (or its separate parts) is frequently found serving as an abbreviation in Latin text, with endings added appropriate to a Latin noun, thus XPo, signifying Christo, "to Christ", the dative form of Christus.. Coined chiropractic—“chiro” meaning Greek for hand and “practic” meaning Greek for practice or operation. The usurper Magnentius appears to have been the first to use the Chi-Rho monogram flanked by Alpha and Omega, on the reverse of some coins minted in 353. Chi Rho Symbol is an ancient Christian symbol, a Christogram that is made by overlaying the initial two letters (in capital) of the Greek word ‘Christos’ meaning ‘Christ’. Chi-Ro symbol can be seen on the Coat of Arms of Niš, city in Serbia and the birthplace of Constantine the Great, Last edited on 17 December 2020, at 12:38, pavement was uncovered at Hinton St. Mary, "Hadrian's Wall dig reveals oldest Christian graffiti on chalice", "Early Christian Chalice Unearthed in Northern England", "Plato's Visible God: The Cosmic Soul Reflected in the Heavens", "Constantine Triumphed under Sign of Cross", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chi_Rho&oldid=994767076, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 12:38. eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'ancient_symbols_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_3',115,'0','0']));The Chi Rho symbol has pre-Christian connections and is believed to have been revered by the pagan Greeks as representative of good fortune. He was well-respected, and Chiron was the teacher of many heroes in Greek mythology, including Achilles. Another Romano-British Chi-Rho, in fresco, was found at the site of a villa at Lullingstone (illustrated).  Not only Constantine, but the whole army saw the miracle. It was introduced by Jos Cleymans in an issue of Het Katholiek Patronaat, describing the youth of Chiro. Translations of chiro- from Dutch to Greek and index of chiro- in the bilingual analogic dictionary Chiro is in top trending baby Boy names list.
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